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OrthoArizona has 70 premier musculoskeletal specialists. The orthopedic surgeons and primary care physicians specialize in all areas of orthopedic care including sports, medicine, spine, shoulder and elbow, hand and wrist, hip and knee, foot and ankle, podiatry, trauma, industrial injuries and workers’ compensation.

Types of Bone Fractures

Blog Takeaways:

  • A fracture is medical jargon for a broken bone, and this type of injury is relatively common—the average person sustains two in their lifetime.
  • Force exerted onto the bone that is stronger than the bone itself usually results in some kind of fracture.
  • The orthopedic surgeons at OrthoArizona discuss different types of bone fractures and how they can be treated.

As you age, your likelihood of sustaining a bone fracture increases as bones naturally become more brittle. Not to say fractures can’t happen to younger individuals—for the risk takers and sensation seekers out there, sustaining a fracture could happen frequently. Moreover, accidents happen, and it’s incredibly likely a hard fall or severe injury could result in a fracture.

Although there are many types of bone fractures, there are four main categories a fracture usually falls under: displaced, non-displaced, open and closed. We’ll start with the most grueling first: open and closed fractures. A closed fracture describes the bone breaking with no puncture through the skin. I’m sure you can guess what an open fracture refers to– a bone that breaks through the skin.

Displaced and non-displaced describe how the bone breaks. Displaced generally means a bone has snapped in two or more parts and the ends cannot be lined up straight. Non-displaced fractures occur when the bone breaks part of all the way through and still maintains alignment.

Below are more specific fracture types:

  • Greenstick Fracture: incomplete fracture, bone is bent
  • Transverse Fracture: broken bone at right angle to bone’s axis
  • Oblique Fracture: curved or sloped break pattern
  • Comminuted Fracture: bone breaks into several pieces
  • Buckled Fracture: impacted fracture, ends forced into each other
  • Pathologic Fracture: break is a result of a disease weakening the bone
  • Stress Fracture: fracture that is a tiny crack in the bone

Treatment for each fracture varies, but generally speaking, a plaster or fiberglass cast will be applied to help the bones heal properly. In serious cases, surgery may be required. If you’ve sustained a broken bone, schedule your appointment today with a physician at OrthoArizona to talk about treatment options that may be right for you.